ABIGAIL SMITH ABBOTT BROWN DAVIS- 1806-1889
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Wife of Captain James Brown
Abigail Smith Abbott Brown Davis
Early Nauvoo, Illinois c. 1842
In 1839, Stephen Joseph Abbott and his wife, Abigail, came in contact with the Mormon people who, on being driven out of Missouri, were settling in Nauvoo, Illinois. They investigated the new religion long and carefully and they and their children became members of the church. Stephen was baptized in March 1839, by Joseph Wood and confirmed by him and William Brenton. At the April conference of the Church held in Nauvoo in 1840, he was ordained an elder. In 1842 he was ordained a seventy.
The same year, they moved to Nauvoo and bought a home and some land. In company with George Miller, Lyman Wight, and James Brown, Stephen was called on a temporal mission to gather funds to build the Nauvoo temple. He was afterwards called on a mission to Wisconsin. When he left Pike County he placed a quantity of wheat in the mill. This he depended on to feed his family in his absence. Through false pretense, one Brier Griffin, a distant relative, obtained four barrels of flour and a Mr. Jacques also obtained a considerable quantity. This loss was a great disappointment to him, so to make provision for his family, he in company with E. Thompson, a cousin who was to accompany him on this mission, began to get some cordwood down the Mississippi from an island. This entailed much wet and exposure. On October 16, he was taken ill, and on the nineteenth of October 1843, he died, age 38 years, yet a young man, just coming into the prime of manhood,. just beginning a life that held much promise of honor and usefulness, he was much loved and sincerely mourned by his family, a young wife and eight children, six girls and two boys. His struggle was over, theirs was not [about] to commence, and will be related in as much detail as the ravages of time has permitted to be preserved.
b. 25 Feb 1833 at Hornell, Steuben, New York;
b. 11 Jul 1835 at Hornell, Steuben, NY;
b. 1 Dec 1837 at Perry, Pike, Ill.;
The work Stephen commenced was destined to be continued by his wife, the faith that he exposed, and practically gave his life for, is professed by all his children unto this day, and almost without exception by their children also. He sleeps in an unmarked grave on the hillside overlooking the Great Father of Waters. His wife was stunned, heartbroken,
and almost overwhelmed by the terrible and unexpected blow. Winter was almost
upon them, she had eight children, the oldest sixteen years. Provisions were
hard to obtain, the country being new. The people with whom she had cast her
lot nearly all were poor, mostly refugees, having been robbed, scourged, and
mobbed out of Missouri. Her husband, who was public spirited, had put a large
portion of his property into the building of the Nauvoo Temple and other
public buildings. Public opinion was inflamed against the whole community. In
just a few months they saw their leaders, Joseph and Hyrum Smith, murdered.
Emily, the eldest daughter, speaking of this sad time, says she was wrapped
up in her father, loved him dearly and grieved bitterly when he died, but she
says her sorrow was nothing compared with their grief when Joseph, the
Prophet of God was murdered. She felt their home was spoiled when their
father was taken, whereas, at the death of the prophet, she felt the whole
world was spoiled. Such was the gloom among the people of Nauvoo. Abigail
Smith Abbott was a heroic woman, pure, chaste and noble in purpose, and the
aims and objects of her life were as successful as could be expected in human
Abigail Smith Abbott
was alone with few relatives, nobody to rely upon except God and her own
efforts. It is probable that her father may have given her some help. He
lived in Michigan at the time and had partially accepted the doctrines of the
Mormons, but, according to his own statement, at that time he was wavering.
She did not complain to him or ever tell him of her destitution nor did she
ever waver in her faith. It became her guiding star. She never lost sight of
it day or night, in sorrow and adversity, in sickness or in health, it was
ever pointing to the West and thither she followed across the great rivers,
across the undulating prairies, across the giant mountains into the Valley of
the Great Salt Lake, there to find solace and rest, not entirely free from
toil, for her hands were ever busy; not entirely free from care, for her sympathies
were broad and the welfare of her family was ever uppermost in her mind, but
free from the terrible strain she was under for several years after her husband’s
death. She has said, "I had no means to erect a monument or even a slab
to mark my loved one’s grave, but I planted some morning glories on the grave
and left him there to sleep and rest."
In the spring of 1844
she fenced a small tract of land near the Mississippi River. As she was
teaching school, much of the work was done of evenings in the moonlight. She
planted one and one-half acres to garden truck and cultivated it. As the
ground was low and swampy, she and the children were stricken with fever and
ague. Lyman Wight, then an apostle, lived in an upper room of her house and
was also ill. The week after the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum, Lyman Wight
was visited by Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Willard Richards, Amasa Lyman
and Wilford Woodruff and several ladies. When they went to leave she asked
them to administer to each of her sick children, which they did. Heber C.
Kimball manifested his charity by giving her a half-dollar. When Brigham
Young got to the door he turned and, in the name of the Lord, promised them
that all should recover. At times after doing all they could to help
themselves, they were compelled to ask charity. This was a great grief to
Abigail Smith Abbott for never before in her life has she needed to ask for
anything she could not pay for. Many friends showed them favors and assisted
in what ways they could. Some other husband’s relatives from Pike County,
Mrs. James Abbott, Lyman Wight, John Higbee, and Capt. James Brown and
others, are held in grateful remembrance for their kindness.
Abigail was able to
collect some debts owed to her husband Stephen, and their wants were
relieved. She continued to correspond with her father and her sisters, but
she never complained to them. A letter which came down to her grandchildren
from her father received while she was in the wilderness of Iowa says,
"We received your letter in which you have no complaints to make,
etc." One from her sister, Anna Crane, after berating her for her
religious views and affiliations tells her if she is getting along so well, a
present would be acceptable.
In May, 1846, she was
offered $10.00 for her house and lot and twenty acres of land, all fenced. To
her remonstrance's at the price, he explained, "The Mormons have got to
go. That amount will ferry you across the river and it is better than
nothing." She accepted it. He also demanded that the furniture be left
in the house for he truly explained, "You cannot carry it with
On February 9, 1846,
the eldest daughter, Emily married Edward Bunker, who was a young man of
sterling worth, intelligent, pure, and ambitious. He was ever a friend of the
family. History relates their cruel expulsion from Nauvoo and when they were
forced to flee, Edward Bunker assisted the family across the river and from the
west bank of the Mississippi River they witnessed the Battle of Nauvoo.
Abigail felt fortunate indeed to get away with her children before this awful
occurrence. Here she remained until November, 1846. Edward Bunker and wife,
with three of the eldest daughters of Abigail Smith Abbott went on to Garden
Grove where he built a cabin and the family, thus scattered, were not
reunited for fifteen months. When Mrs. Abbott arrived at Garden Grove she
found Edward Bunker had enlisted in the Mormon Battalion, called out to
assist in the war with Mexico and had already gone, leaving his young wife in
a delicate condition. They fixed the cabin up the best they could and lived
there eleven months, planted a
crop and harvested it. During the winter of 1846-1847 Abigail taught school
and thus helped to support her family.
On February 1, 1847, her eldest daughter, Mrs. , gave birth to a fine son. They called him Edward Bunker, Jr. This
date also came near being a fatal one for Abigail’s little son Myron, then
nine years of age. He was sent out early in the morning to hunt for wood and
encountered a large, hungry wolf. Thinking it to be a dog he threw chips at
it. It stood growling and ready to attack the lad when the attention of a
neighbor was attracted and the wolf was frightened away. This winter proved
to be a hard one for Abigail. Beside the regular care of her household, she
taught school and one of her elder daughters was ill for eleven weeks with
fever and Mrs. Bunker was ill nine weeks at the time of her confinement.
Water for the home had to be carried a quarter of a mile, firewood had to be
gathered and cut, enough to keep a fire all the time, for the cabin had no
floor and was very cold and it took a warm fire to make it comfortable with
illness in the family for such a long time. During the winter Abigail
received $22.50 from Captain James Brown, sent to her from Santa Fe, New
Mexico, and Edward Bunker sent his wife some money. Both were serving in the
Mormon Battalion. In October, 1847, they moved on to Mosquito Creek, a point
farther west near Council Bluff, Iowa. On the morning of December 18, 1847,
they heard a group of Battalion men had arrived in town the evening before,
so Emily prepared to go and inquire if they knew anything of Edward. Just
before she was to leave the house a knock was heard at the door. It proved to
be Edward himself. He thought they were still in Garden Grove where he left
them, but someone told him they had moved since he left. He was almost frozen
and starved. It was necessary for him to remain in bed for several weeks and
he was fed gruel every few hours, just a few spoonsful at a time at first. He
had endured terrible privation on the return journey and had completed one of the most difficult
marches on record. Abigail’s son, Abiel, came to her from Council Bluffs,
where he had gone fifteen months before. Once more she had her family all
together again. She says, "I thanked God and praised Him and took new courage,
for my burdens seemed much lighter."
Before leaving Nauvoo, Abigail Smith Abbott had married for time as a plural wife to . Captain Brown had been a friend of her husband in Nauvoo. He was a man of broad views, great energy and a natural leader of men, but he had a great train of relatives dependent upon him. The relation gave him more the right of protector than husband and that was practically the relation sustained between them. Myron Alma Abbott in writing of her life, says he has several letters that passed between them in 1849-1850 in which she reminds him of his covenants with her in relation to the dead (meaning her husband) and telling him that whatever he wished her to do she would do excepting she would do nothing unrighteous. However, her religion taught her polygamy. She accepted and believed in this principle and probably did at one time sustain the relation of wife to him, but she insisted that it be the relation of wife and not concubine. After they were living in Ogden, James married her daughter, Phebe, over her protest. Thereupon she repudiated the relationship and ever afterward lived apart from him.
When James Brown went into the Mexican War in July 1846. He sent Abigail money from Santa Fe. He had helped her as much as possible in Nauvoo. He followed the pioneers into Salt Lake Valley on July 29, 1847, just four days after Brigham Young’s party. He must have regarded Abigail as a woman of ability to act and accomplish the care and transport of her family from Iowa to the Salt Lake Valley. James wrote Abigail a letter soon after his arrival to the Salt Lake Valley. Possibly this is one of the first letters written and sent from Utah.
The following is a copy of a letter which Captain Brown sent to his wife Abigail. He followed the Brigham Young Company into Salt Lake Valley by four days and this is one of the first letters written and sent from Utah." --Treasures of Pioneer History, Vol. 2, DUP 1953, pages125-128. The full quote and letter are recorded higher up on this page, the text can be found in Vol. 2.
Camp of Israel, Salt Lake Valley, August 6, A.D. 1847
My dear Abigail:
It is with pleasure I sit down this morning and address you a few lines to let you know where I am, and what my engagements are, and also to let you know that I have not forgotten you and your family.
I also wish to give you some instruction in relation to your movements, and in relation to your family. I would keep them all together, as much as you can, so that you can control the whole matter yourself, until I can see you, which I hope will be soon.
With regard to your moving to this beautiful valley, I wish you to come with the first company next spring. I haven’t been able to assist you but very little since I enlisted. I was detached last October at Santa Fe and sent to Pueblo in command of 107 souls. Since that time Lieut. Willis and Capt. Higgins have reported to me with their detachments, making 170 souls. My expenses has been high and not being able to draw my pay in time to assist you come last spring, you must wait with patience and I will assist you all in my power for I am anxious to see and hear from you. I sent you $25.00 by Brother last October from Santa Fe. I haven’t heard from you since only that you were at Mt. Pisgah and know not whether you have got it or not, if you haven’t received it, it is in the hand of the Bishop at Winter quarters, near Council Bluffs, I hope you will be able to get it. I have sent you one wagon and harness and four mules by the hands of A.J. Shupe and also by the hands of Franklin Allen, one ox team and four yoke of oxen to assist you on your journey next spring, which I hope you will receive and receipt the brethren for the same. I have also sent you by the hand of Brother Allen $30.00 in cash which is all I could sent at this time. I want you to bring all the means for making bread in your power, also flour and meal, as I may want to help you eat it when you come. I hope these lines and the teams will find you at Council Bluffs. So you can come out next spring in the first company.
I received a letter from my daughter, Nancy, and one from Sarah, they calculated on coming this summer in Israel Birche’s company. I am looking for them every day. Brother Kimball says he thinks they will be along this summer. He says that Sister Brown’s health is poor, yet she may recover so as to come this season. I hope she will come. If she does not, I want her to come with you. I sent the teams to you, not knowing but what Esther was on her way. If Nancy and Sarah use all the teams and wagons they have to bring them I want Esther to have room in one of the wagons I sent you. I want her to be made comfortable and to come with you. I hope she will be spared until I see her again. I want you to see her and to comfort her drooping spirit, for she has surely been afflicted since I left her. I shall write to her on this subject, not knowing whether she is coming or not.
My dear Abigail, the time seems long, when I look back, since I last saw you. You may think I have forgotten you, but never, the ties and covenants that bind and united us together are stronger than death and the powers of Satan. I hope I shall ever feel that affection for you and your father that will enable me to do all I can for you and them, but by the help of my Heavenly Father and my brethren, I hope to carry out the principles of salvation and exaltation in all things. My being called into the Army of the United States is no reason why I should cease to serve the Lord. I hope I shall ever remember my covenants and live up to them.
I arrived here with my command on the 28th day of July, one week after the twelve. I was also on their heels and had communication with them from time to time after we got to Fort Johns. I have quartered my company in this beautiful valley, where there is salt water and Sweet water, cold and hot water, in abundance and it looks very much like the one the Lord speaks of in Scripture, where the Lord’s people was to [be] built in the tops of the mountains and I hope I shall see you together with the rest of our friends flowing to it."
I should have returned this fall with the Twelve if I had been counselled to assist you on your journey to this place. I am counseled to take eight men and report myself at San Francisco Bay, on the Pacific Ocean, and meet the Battalion that is near that post. It is eleven hundred miles from this place. I want to return to Salt Lake this fall or in early spring. Brother Brannon, from near the Bay, is here and is going to pilot me; then my business will be to get a discharge for my men and draw their pay and transact other business of importance for the good of the Church.
I shall omit saying anything about my sufferings since I enlisted in the army of the United States. Those things will do to talk about and think about, when we have nothing else to employ our minds. Read this to my brother Daniel, and my sisters, and that will save me from writing to them. Give Moroni a sweet kiss for me, and save the rest for me when we meet. I haven’t heard anything special from Brother Bunker or A.Stephens since they left Santa Fe, only they arrived safe at the and all was well in February last.
There the letter ends.
The last page has been lost.
The wagons and teams were
duly received and in 1848 Abigail fitted them up and sent all of Mr. Brown’s
family that remained on to the valley. She remained until the next year,
raised a crop, but before it was harvested, sold it, and came on to the
valley. She left Mosquito Creek August 6, 1849, and was just sixteen weeks on
the way. She brought all her children except Mrs. Bunker, who came two years
later, and she never lost one dollar’s worth of property on the trip, which
speaks volumes for her care and management. Soon after arriving in Salt Lake
City, she went to Ogden.
The city then
contained six families. Captain Brown had purchased nine square miles of
territory (the center of which is now Ogden City) from Miles Goodyear, who
owned the land through a grant from the Mexican government and offered it for
sale to Captain Brown when he went through there on the way to San Francisco
in charge of a squad of cavalry men from Company C Mormon Battalion. The
price paid for this tract of land was $3000.00 from money he and his sons,
Alex and Jesse, received for wages from the U.S.
Government for services in the army and some gold they brought from
California where they were when gold was discovered there in 1849. A city was
laid out and settlers welcomed. The first winter was spent in a fort.
Abigail Abbott received a tract of land in the southern part of Ogden, facing what is now Washington Avenue. Here a home was built and she dwelled with her family for several years until the children were grown and married and gone to homes of their own. Abigail's daughter, Charilla Abbott, was the first schoolteacher in Ogden City. Preferring not to live alone, Abigail sold her home and lived with her children, visiting them all as a ministering angel, greatly beloved and respected by them and their children.
After Abigail divorced Captain James Brown, around 1850. She renewed her Nauvoo friendship with Charles Augustus Davis (born 12 August 1810 in Princeton, Worcester, Massachusetts) and according to www.earlylds.com sources quoted by Susan Easton Black, she became 's fourth wife. Charles was the postmaster in Spanish Fork for twenty-five years. He died August 29, 1898 at Spanish Fork, Utah, Utah.
At the birth of Ira J. Earl, the first son, father called on grandmother to report the new arrival. He said: "A new blacksmith came to town last evening, Sister Abbott." She quickly inquired: "Do you think it will hurt your business any?" "No," said father, "I think it will help it--you see the new blacksmith is my first son." --Lois E. Jones.
She was active and had good health, traveled much, was happy, pleasant, cheerful and benevolent and was like a ray of sunshine wherever she went. During one of her visits to her children, Myron Abbott and , living in Bunkerville, Nevada, I still remember seeing her as I saw her sitting in an easy chair near the east window in my grandmother’s living room, crocheting. She wore a lace cap on her head and a white apron and was a short, fleshy woman.
Abigail loved music. Agnes Viola Earl relates that at Christmas time Grandmother Abbott, then near eighty years of age, gathered a group of young people to her home of evening and taught them Christmas carols and on Christmas evening procured a wagon and accompanied the young carolers as they sang their carols at the homes of the community, an act which brought much joy to the young people and endeared her to them.
Bunkerville, Nevada Lincoln Co. Mar. 27, 1880.
My Ever Dear Children, David and Charilla Browning.
This morning, while I was watering my lot, preparatory for planting, I felt impressed to write to my friends one and all. I request you to send this letter on to Willard City, to Abraham and Abigail Zundel. Be sure will you to do this, with much love and greeting to all my kindred and friends. I want to say to Charles and Charlotte and Ada Abbott, I am as ever their faithful friend, as little as they esteem my friendship. I think, or I should receive a line from them at least as often as angels visit. I sincerely hope they will reform from this neglect. I still like them, and they cannot help themselves, if they would come and see their devoted friends here in Bunkerville, Oh how welcome they would be!
Now my dear children, I suppose you would like to know how I am getting along in this new country (This settlement begun 2 years previous) I have been this week, one day, setting out some trees, one fig tree, several pomegranate bushes, several Balm of Gilead trees, and several weeping willows, to make a shade for me, when I wish to retire from noise and bustle, I hope it will be better than Jonah's Gourd! I may not live long to enjoy my labors, (The writer was then aged.) but perhaps my children or some weary travelers may rest themselves beneath their branches.
My health is quite as good as formerly, and our friends here also, and likely to be, if hard work will make them so. I must rectify, Abigal Lee's health is very poor .(Abigail died soon after in confinement) and Adelia Crosley is so and so, tho she is able to attend to her house hold duties, Edward Bunker is not very tough this spring, he overtaxes his body with hard labor, Mary's babe also is very poorly indeed.
Now I must tell you about our Elethra Calista Bunker, she was married the 15th of the present month as an elect lady to Joseph Ira Earl, aged 27, at St. George. He is well matured in years, not a beauty, but good looking, possesses the characteristics of a saint in temperance, in faith and zeal and good works. Very studious in gaining knowledge. A good mechanic and blacksmith and I think he and she can imitate Father Adam and Mother Eve in tilling the earth and multiplying and replenishing, etc. etc. and more than this, I like him, and charity will go a good way in this case. I wish Ada success in doing likewise, I think it is time she was doing something in the line of matrimony.
Now I will express a wish to my son Abiel Abbott, I want him to come down, and if he comes with a wagon, I wish him to bring some gooseberry bushes, some cherry trees, and some states currants, some blackberries, red and black raspberries and also apricot, prune, plum, nectarine and pear trees, also some peppermint from Sister Pitkin and some sand cherries from Abigal Zundel's. I think one can take small trees and box them up in dirt to bring them here. I want my lot filled with fruit trees and lucerne. If there are apples on my trees this summer I wish Abigail would dry them and bring them when she comes, and Charilla also dry me what fruit she can spare.
Abiel, I expect you will be here by the last of May, and I shall expect all of you here at the temple in St. George on the first day of November and plan a month to visit. I have not heard from Lucina Beecher for sometime.
Write soon all of you. Phebe and Cynthia do not fail! Your loving mother
Abigail S. Abbott.
(This letter was later found by LBA in the Heart Throbs of the West, Vol. 5, DUP, 1944, Pages 402-403 Submitted by Lois Earl Jones.)
Mid-1865, Louisa Barnes Pratt visited Abigail in Salt Lake, bringing with her her 8 year old granddaughter Ida Frances Dyer and her adopted 15 year old Polynesian son, Ephraim Pratt, who drove the team. Her daughter Ellen McGary came from Ogden to meet with her. "I went to visit my kind friend Abigail Abbott. At her house I was taken sick. For a week I was not able to be removed to my daughter's. Abigail's married daughter Phebe, then a widow of Capt. James Brown, lived in the same house. They both bestowed on me unwearied attention; and assisted Ellen in doing every thing in their power for my recovery." --"The History of Louisa Barnes Pratt- Mormon Missionary Widow and Pioneer" edited by S. George Ellsworth, page 305.
The final summons came while she was visiting with her youngest daughter, Mrs. Abigail Zundell at Willard City, Box Elder County, Utah, July 23, 1889. At her death, she was possessed of a little property which by consent of the heirs was devoted to the erection of a modest monument to her and her first husband, Stephen Joseph Abbott, who she left buried in Nauvoo.
Abigail Smith Abbott was a heroic woman, pure, chaste and noble in purpose, and the aims and objects of her life were as successful as could be expected in human life. Honor be to her memory.
PAF - Archer Files = Captain James Brown married Abigail Smith Abbott, widow of Stephen Joseph Abbott > Phebe Abigail Abbott also married Captain James Brown > Orson Pratt Brown.
Story of My Life - William E. Abbott by Erwin and Colleen Waite, pages 1-10.
Pioneer Woman of Faith and Fortitude. Vol. II, International
Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Publishers Press, 1998. Page 1786 ( under
Lewis) ISBN: 0-9658406-1-1
George Abbott and His Discendants Lois E. Jones, available at the
Historical Records Survey at Ogden, Utah, copied on October 16, 1936 by
Virginia Lee, http://www.broward.org/library/bienes/lii10226.htm.
Five Hundred Wagons Stood Still — Mormon Battalion Wives, Shirley
Mayne, U.S.A 1999: pages 66-70.
Thank you to my cousin Jim Wilde Brown for sharing this story source.
The top photo of Abigail Smith Abbott has also been found in Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude Page 1748, we think misidentified as Laura Melvina Thompson Leavitt. Photo replaced with the one now showing, found on page 11 of the William Elias Abbott 1869-1949,
PROPERTY OWNED BY ABIGAIL SMITH ABBOTT:
Nauvoo: Block 23 (log house near the upper stone house in Old Commerce--The Nauvoo Journal
Nauvoo: Block 50, Lot 3
NAUVOO RECORDS as given at www.earlylds.com:
Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register p 92
Members, LDS, 1830-1848, by Susan Easton Black, Vol 39, pp 644 - 645
Record of Baptisms for the Dead, Nauvoo, vol 1, pp 1-3
Nauvoo School Records for 1842", The Nauvoo Journal, Vol 1, Jan 1989
Treasures of Pioneer History, Vol 2, pp 125-128
Our Pioneer Heritage, Vol 6, pp 198-200
Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude, Vol 1, pp 376-377
Heart Throbs of the West, Vol 5, p 402-403; Vol 8, p 353=354, Vol 10, p 441
Business in Nauvoo, p 29
The Nauvoo Journal, p 18
1- [S3] Book - Annotated Record of Baptisms for the Dead, Nauvoo, 7 vols., Black, Susan Easton, (Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602), , Nauvoo, vol 1, pp 1-3
2- [S4] Book - Heart Throbs of the West, 12 vols., Carter, Kate B., compiler, (Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1939-1951), , Vol 5, p 402-403; Vol 8, p 353=354, Vol 10, p 441
3- [S5] LDS - Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints:1830-1848, 50 vols., Black, Susan Easton, Compiler, (LDS Church, Salt Lake City, 1990), 1830-1848, by Susan Easton Black, Vol 39, pp 644 - 645
4- [S6] LDS - Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (1845-1846), p 92
5- [S7] Book - Our Pioneer Heritage, 20 vols., Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, (Salt Lake City: 1958-1977), , Vol 6, pp 198-200
6- [S8] Book - Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude, 4 vols, International Society of Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, (Salt Lake City, Utah, 1998), , Vol 1, pp 376-377
7- [S9] Periodical - The Nauvoo Journal, (Salt Lake City, Utah, 1989-1999), , Vol 1, Jan 1989
8 [S10] Book - Treasures of Pioneer History, 6 vols., Carter, Kate B., Compiler, (Daughers of the Utah Pioneers, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1952-1957), , Vol 2, pp 125-128
9- [S1] This record downloaded from http://earlylds.com, version 2006-06-07, firstname.lastname@example.org
# [S2] Database - International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
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