The first division of the Mormon Battalion approached Santa Fe on 9 October 1846. Their approach was heralded by Col. Alexander Doniphan, who ordered a one-hundred-gun salute in their honor. At Santa Fe, Col. Andrew Jackson Smith was relieved of his command by Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cooke. Cooke, aware of the rugged trail between Santa Fe and California and also aware that one sick detachment had already been sent from the Arkansas River to Fort Pueblo in Colorado, ordered the remaining women and children to accompany the sick of the battalion to Pueblo for the winter. Three detachments consisting of 273 people eventually were sent to Pueblo for the winter of 1846-47. Groups of the Sick Detachment travelers entered the SL Valley beginning on July 24, 1847 and for several days afterwards.
"Mormon Battalion (Sick Detachment) and Balance of Mississippi Saints--
On July 29, 1847, five days after President Brigham Young, Captain James Brown with Captains Nelson Higgins and Wm. W. Willis and 140 of the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion arrived at the pioneer camp in Great Salt Lake Valley. President Bright Young and a number of the brethren went to meet them. There were 140 of the Mormon Battalion and forty of the Mississippi Saints with them. They had 29 wagons, one carriage, 100 horses and mules and 300 head of cattle, which greatly added to the strength of the pioneer camp. The names of most of these are to be found in Journal History, July 29, 1847, pages 1-9. These should be designated as Pioneer companies of 1847, but not as part of the Original Pioneer company, which consisted only of the 143 men, three women and two children, known as the "Original Pioneers." --Heart Throbs of the West, Vol. 4, page 343.
Eugene E. Campbell in Establishing Zion Chapter 1, Page 13 : ...152 Mormon Battalion men in the sick detachments had wintered in Colorado. They were accompanied by approximately thirty wives and fifty children, and by forty-seven Mississippi Saints who had wintered with the battalion families.
Some confusion exists about the total number entering the valley in 1847. Church historian B.H. Roberts, basing his calculations on Thomas Bullock's reports, asserted a total of 2,095, but he did not take into account the battalion members from California. Leonard J. Arrington estimated that 1,681 pioneers spent the first winter in the valley, and a church letter of 6 March 1848 reported that the total population stood at "1,671 persons living in 423 houses." There were also some births and deaths, and a few battalion men decided to go back east to their families. In addition, some 250 people who came into the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 returned soon afterwards to Winter Quarters or to California. Thus about 1,930 people could claim the title "Pioneers of '47."
From Diary of Albina Merrell Williams: "Spring came at last and then the word was conveyed to the isolated little colony that a start had been made by the pioneers at Council Bluffs to find a new home in the far west. No time was lost in bidding farewell to the old fort on the Arkansas. Captain Brown's Company fell in the wake of the pioneers and all but overtook them before the Valley of the Great Salt Lake was reached. As a matter of fact, some of the Battalion people came in with the pioneers, but the wagon containing Mrs. Williams and her sister did not arrive on the banks of City Creek until five days after President Young had pitched a tent there." --Heart Throbs of the West, Vol. 2, 1940, page 72.
The remaining Mormon Battalion soldiers, with four or five wives of officers [and Nancy Brown Davis, wife of Private Eleazer Davis. Nancy gave birth to a daughter in 1848 while in California.] left Santa Fe for California on 19 October 1846. They journeyed down the Rio Grande del Norte and eventually crossed the Continental Divide on 28 November 1846.
CAPTAIN JAMES BROWN'S SANTA FE SICK DETACHMENT
When Philip St. George Cooke assumed command of the battalion in Santa Fe, he thought there were too many women, children, and sick soldiers and decided to send a second detachment to Pueblo. This group left Santa Fe October 18, 1846 under Captain James Brown. They arrived in Pueblo November 17, 1846, with 92 men, 19 women and 10 children. This was the Brown Sick Detachment (Santa Fe Detachment).
Joshua Chandler Abbott, from Company D, along with his wife Ruth Markham Abbott
Orson Bennett Adams 1815-1901, and wife Susannaha Smith Adams 1819-1892, of Company C, Sergeant of Sick Detachment under Captain James Brown. They lost two children at birth then adopted a son, John S. Page Adams. John did not go on the march with them. Susan had been raised in the home of a doctor and was able to bring much comfort to the company
(see: http://members.aol.com/Cballd/adams.html AND http://www.utahoutdooractivities.com/orsonhouse.html)
Allen, Franklin 1808-1890 of Company B; wife Rebecca and one child listed in 1846 with a wagon, and four oxen may have been left at Council Bluff..
Allred, James Tillman Sanford 1825-1905, and wife Eliza Bridget Manwaring Allred 1821-1866 of Company A; they had no wagon but shared one with an elderly couple; she gave birth to a son who died shortly after birth, but the company would not stop while her husband buried the infant. James was so weak he barely caught up to the company.
Allen, Reuben Warren 1827-1916, and wife Elzadie Emeline Ford Allen 1827, of Company A
Averett, Jeduthan Hardy (Juthan/Judithon Everett) 1816-1902 of Company D; md. Holly Jane Tingle.
Beckstead (Besched), William Ezra 1829-1909 of Company C
Bingham, Erastus Jr. 1823-1906 of Company B; md. Olive Hovey Freeman 1843; he was detailed at Pueblo to help care for the sick.
Bird, William 1823-1894 of Co. B; md. Ann Roylance 1851.
Black, George David 1841-1912; five year old child of Mary McRee Black Brown; md. Mary Hunt in 1861.
Blanchard, Mervin Simeon 1824-1847 -died in Pueblo on April 10th from lingering illness and pneumonia. Tyler wrote that "The great number of deaths that occurred among that portion of the Battalion who wintered at Pueblo were doubtless due, mainly, to disease contracted through the exposure and hardships of the journey and the murderous drugging which they had received from Dr. Sanderson; md Elizabeth Cogswell (?).
Brown, Agnes, wife of Edmund L. Brown ( he continued on to California)
Brown, Alexander 1826-1910 - son of Captain James Brown, Corporal of Mormon Battalion Company C; later assigned to Sick Detachment; md. in 1850 to Amanda McMurty or McMurtrey 1834-1918 at Greenwood Valley, San Bernardino, California.
Brown, Eunice Reasor, wife of James Polly Brown (1803-1871) md.19 Feb 1846
Brown, Harriet Stanton St. John, wife of Daniel Brown; md. 29 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo; buried in Watsonville Cemetery, Santa Cruz, California.
Brown, James Jr. - Captain of Mormon Battalion Company C; later co-Captain of Sick Detachment.
Brown, Jesse Sowell, 1829-1905; son of Captain James Brown, was Sergeant in Company C; md. in 1857 to Caroline Stewart 1832-1920 at Yankee Jim's, Placer County, California.
Brown, Mary McRee Black, wife 6 of Captain James Brown
Brown, Mary Ann (5 years old when arrived in SL Valley)
Brown, Sarah Jane (13 years old when arrived in SL Valley)
Buchannan, John of Co. D
Button, Louisa M. (child 1842-1868)
Button, Mary Bittels, wife of Montgomery E. Button, md. 13 Sep 1835
Button, Montgomery Button with wife and three children: Jutson Hurlburt Button 1839-1924, Samuel Button 1844-1890, and James H. Button 1836-1859
Calkins, James W. of Co. A
Calvert, John H. Calvert of Co. C
Carpenter, Isaac of Co. C
Carpenter, William H. of Co. C
Casto, William W. of Co. D - deserted and retrieved
Chase, Abner of Co. D. - died at Pueblo
Chase, Almira Higgins 1830-1873, dau. of Nelson Higgins, md, near Pueblo, CO on 17 Feb 1837 to John Darwin Chase.
Chase, John Denton of Co. B, and wife, Elizabeth Longley (md. 6 Aug 1843)
Cummings, George Washington of Co. E
David, James of Co. D
Douglas, Ralph of Co. D
Durphee or Durfee, Francilias [Francillo] of Co. C
Earl, James C. of Co. A
Eastman, Marcus N.
Garner, David of Co. A
Garner, Philip of Co. B
Gifford, William W. or B, of Co. D
Glazier, Luther W. of Co. E
Glines, James H. of Co. A - deserter
Gould, John C. of Co. C
Gould, Samuel J. of Co. C
GribbleWilliam of Co. C, with wife Sophia Smith; divorced Aug 1847; she married William Tubbs
Hancock, John Reed (5 years old when arrived in SL Valley)
Hart, Nathan ( child)
Hanks, Ebenezer Joseph of Co. E, and wife, Jane Wells Cooper Hanks (md 27 Oct 1839)
Hess, Emeline Bigler
Hess, John W 1824-1903 of Co. E, with wife, Emeline Bigler Hess
Hewlitt [Hulet], Schuyler - non-member of LDS church
[Higgins, Almira Higgins Chase 1830-1873. See Chase, above.]
Higgins, Drusilla (14 years old went arrived in SL Valley)
Higgins, Nelson - Captain of Mormon Battalion Company D; later co-Captain of Sick Detachment
Higgins, Sarah Blackman 1806-1864, wife of Captain Nelson Higgins
Higgins, Wealthy Matilda (b. 2 May 1847 at Pueblo, two months old when arrived in SL Valley)
Hirams [Hirons], James/John P. of Co. D, and wife Mary Ann Jameson Hirons.
Holden, Elijah E. of Co. A
Elijah E. Holden
Hopkins, Charles A. of Co. E
Hoskins, Henry of Co. E
Hulet, Schuyler of Co A
Hunt, Matilda Nease, second wife and children of Jefferson Hunt, he went on to CA
Hunt, Mary (2 years when arrived in SL Valley)
Huntington, Dimick Baker with wife, Fannie Maria Allen Huntington 1810-1894, and three children
Huntington, Martha Zina (1844-1883; 3 years when arrived in SL Valley)
Jackson, Charles A. of Co. A
Jacobs, Henry Bailey of Co. A
Johnson, Jarvis of Co.C
Karren, Thomas III of Co. E
Kelley, Nicholas with wife and their child
Kelly, Parley (child)
Kenney [Kinney], Lorin/Loren E. of Co. D
Lake, Barnabas of Co. A
Lamb, Lisbon of Co. D
Larson, Thurston of Co. D
Laughlin, David S.
Luddington, Elam - 1st Lieutenant of Company B; Sick Detachment under Captain James Brown with wife Mary Eliza Clark; children: Angeline A.; Elam's mother, Lena Monger Luddington.
Mayfield, John (child)
Mayfield, Sarah (child)
McIntyre, Dr. William - command staff
Merrill sisters - Albina Mariam Merrill Williams, and Phoebe Lodema Merrill Stillman came as a nurse
Mesick (Mesheck), Peter I. or J. of Co. D
Miller, Daniel M. of Co. E
Mowrey, Harley W.
Nease, Ellen is Capt. Jefferson Hunt's sister-in-law
Nease, Peter is Capt. Jefferson Hunt's brother-in-law
Nowlin, Jabez (Jabes) T. of Co. C
Oakley, James E. of Co. D
Oiler (Oyler), Melchir (Melcher) of Co. A - died
Park. Andrew Duncan (2 years old when arrived in SL Valley)
Park, William A. of Co. E
Perkins, David Martin of Co. C
Perkins, John Calvin of Co. C - died at Pueblo after a lingering illness.
Pierson (Person), Harmon D. of Co. B
Pierson (Person), Judson A. of Co. C
Pugmire, Jonathan Jr. of Co. E
Reeston, John P. (see Whriston)
Richards, Joseph W. of Co. A - dead
Roberts, Benjamin M. of Co. D
Rowe, Caratat (Carrotad) C. of Co. A
Rowe, William of Co. D
Sanderson, Henry W. of Co. D
Sargent, Abel M. of Co. D
Sargent, Caroline (11 years old when arrived in SL Valley)
Scott, James R. of Co. E - died
Sessions, John 1821-1894 of Co. A, with wife, Mary Emeline Sessions md. July 1846
Sessions, Richard 1799-1879 of Co. A
Sessions, William Bradford 1827-1889 of Co. A
Sharp, Albert of Co. D
Norman Sharp's widow, Martha Jane Sargent Sharp 1827-1920, and her sister, Caroline Sargent [Stoddard in 1851].
Sharp, Sarah Ellen (b. 28 Nov 1846 in Pueblo, CO; 8 months old when arrived in SL Valley)
Shelton, Carolyne (child)
Shelton, Mariah (child)
Shelton, Sebert C., 2nd Sergeant, wife Elizabeth Trains Fraim Shelton, total of nine in his family
Shupe. Andrew J. of Co. C
Shupe, Elizabeth Margaret (4 months old when arrived in SL Valley)
Shupe, James Wright. of Co. C, and wife, Sarah Coats Prunty; children: Elizabeth Margaret Shupe b. 2 March 1847 at Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado.
Smith, John G. of Co. E
Smith, Milton of Co. C -dead and his widow (subsequently marries Burns)
Smith, Richard of Co.C
Smith, Elisha, not a member of the Mormon Battalion, he was a teamster who died en route to CA, his wife Rebecca Smith traveled with the Sick Detachment
Steele , John Stanton Jr. and wife Catherine Campbell Steele
Steele, Mary Campbell (b. Dec 23, 1840 = 6 years when arrived in SL Valley)
Stephens (Stevens), Roswell
Stevens, Arnold of Co. D - dead
Stevens, Lyman of Co. B
Stillman, Clark of Co. D, and his wife, 1846 Phoebe Lodema Merrill (1851Amelia Narcissa Sperry)
Stillman, Dexter - may be child of Clark and Phoebe
Stillman, William of Co. B
Tanner, Myron of Co. D
Terrell, Joel J. of Co. C
Tindell, Solomon of Co. C
Walker, William of Co. B - did not go West
Whiting, Almon of Co. D
Whiting, Edmond W. of Co. D
Wilkins, David of Co. C, and wife Isabelle McNair Hunter
Williams, Caroline Marian (4 years old when arrived in SL Valley)
Williams, Ephraim Thomas (2 years old when arrived in SL Valley)
Williams, Thomas Stephen of Co. D, with wife Albina Merrill Williams (1826-1914) took their two small children, Ephraim Williams and Caroline Williams, and while at Pueblo, gave birth to a daughter whom she called Phebe Isabella Williams on January 15, 1847 in Pueblo, on the Mormon Battalion trek.
Willis, William Wesley - one of the captains or lieutenant of Sick Detachment
Wright, Charles of Co B -deserter
Wriston, John P. of Co. A
LIEUTENANT WILLIAM W. WILLIS RIO GRANDE SICK DETACHMENT
On November 10. 1846, Colonel Cook sent Willis from the Rio Grande River back to Pueblo with the following group. They arrived on December 20, 1946. There were 56 men and one woman in the Willis Sick Detachment (Rio Grande Detachment).
Willis, William W. Captain
Babcock, Lorenzo 1823-1903 of Company C; contracted mountain fever then sent to Pueblo. Md. Amy Ann Marble.
Badham, Samuel, Pvt. Co.D; died in Iowa.
Bevan, James 1819-1894 Pvt. of Company A (Heart Throbs of the West Vol. 12, 1951, pages 116-117)
Bingham, Thomas, Sr. 1824-1889 of Co. B (see Bliss Journal 11/10/1846); md. Caron Happoch Holladay 1849 (b. 1830), she entered SL Valley with William Crosby Company; bro of Erastus Bingham of Company B;
Blackburn, Abner Levi Sr.,1827-1908 [or 2 Nov 1904] - Private Company C. On detached service since Nov. 10, 1846, by Battalion Order No. 16. Mustered out with detachment, to date July 16, 1847. (See Bliss Journal, March 12, 1848); md. Lucinda Harris 1852 in San Bernardino, California
Bliven or Beven, Jane 43 (may be mother of James Beven)
Brazier, Richard, Co.E
Brimhall, John, Co.C
Brown, Daniel L. (b. 1825 in Clymer,Chataugua,New York) Co.E
(Brown, Harriet Stanton St. John, wife of Daniel Brown md. 29 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo (later divorced, She traveled in the Brown Sick Detachment; she married Swarthout, then DeWitt, then Akers). Harriet was buried in Watsonville Cemetery, Santa Cruz County, California
Burns, Thomas R., Co.E
Burt, William, Co.C
Bybee, John M. of Co.B
Calkins, Alva C. of Co.A
Camp, James G. of Co.B
Carter, Richard, Co.B - died
Cazier, James, Co.E
Cazier, John, Co.E
Church, Haden W., Co.B
Clark, Albert, Co.E
Clark, George S., Co.B
Coleman, George Moroni, Co.A - recorded death Dec 18, 1846 from dysentery, short distance from Turley Ranch, near Pueblo, Colorado. His wife Mary Reeves Coleman and son Moroni Coleman entered Salt Lake Valley in 1852. Mary married her sister Ann Eliza's widower, Joseph Godfrey in 1857.
Compton, Allen, Co.D
Curtis, Josiah, Co.A
Dalton, Edward, Co.D
Dalton, Harry, Co.D
Dobson, Eli, Co.A - died
Dunn, James, Co.C
Eastman, Marcus, Co.B
Frederick, David, I. Co.A
Freeman, Elijah, Co. B - died (see Bliss Journal 9/29, 11/6 & 11/10/1846)
Green, John W., Co.C - died
Gribble, Sophia Huldah Smith, wife of William Gribble; divorced Aug 1847 - first Utah divorce; she then might have married Wm. Tubbs
Hewett, Eli B., Co.A
Higgins, Alfred, Co.D
Hinckley, Arza E., Co.B
Hoagland, Lucas, Co.D
Johnstun or Johnston, Jesse W., Co.C
Maxwell, Maxie, Co.A
McClellan, William E,, Co.E
Mecham, Erastus D., Co.D
Richardson, Thomas L., Co.E
Richmond, Benjamin B., Co.C
Rust, William W., Co.C
Shipley, Joseph, Co.C
Skeen, Joseph, Co.E
Squires, William, Co.C
Stewart, Benjamin R., Co.D
Stewart, James, Co.D
Thomas, Hayward, Co.D
Thomas, Nathan T., Co.C
Tippets, John, Co.D, courier
Tubbs, William R., Co.D, and wife of William Gribble, Huldah Sophia Smith Gribble; md 8/1847; Journal History for 4 Aug 1848 indicates Presidents Young, Kimball & Richards heard the case of Tubbs was accused of "improper conduct with Harriat Brown" and adultery with Sophie Gribble, which led to her subsequent divorce from William Gribble.
Welsh, Madison, Co.C
Whitney, Francis T., Co.B (see Bliss Journal 11/10/1846)
Wilson, George Deliverance of Co. E -brother of Stephen Fairchild Wilson
Woodworth, Lysander, Co.A
Woolsey, Thomas Ezra, Co.E, courier
Wriston, Isaac N., Co.A
CAPTAIN NELSON HIGGINS' FAMILY DETACHMENT
The chance meeting of Lt. Andrew Jackson Smith, interim battalion commander, with the Mississippi leader John Brown and his men, resulted in the first of the three Sick Detachments to be sent to Pueblo, Colorado. The separation occurred on September 18, 1846 and they arrived in Pueblo, Colorado early in October 1846.
Higgins, Nelson, Captain
Wife: Sarah Blackman Higgins; children: Almira, Alfred, Druscilla, Heber, Nelson, Carlos, Wealtha (born in Pueblo)
Brown, James Polly 1803-1871
Wife 3: Eunice Reasor; children: Neuman, Robert, Sarah, Mary Ann, and John Taylor Brown - born June 2, 1847, one month old at time arrived in SL Valley. To distinguish him from Captain James Brown he took on his mother, Margaret Polly, maiden name. While in Pueblo he helped prepare shelters for sick members of the detachment.
Wife: Mary Bittels; children: James, Jutson, Louisa, Samuel.
Hunt, Celia Mounts, first wife of Captain Charles Jefferson Hunt, he continued to California;
children: John, Jane, Harriet, Joseph, Hyrum and eighteen month old twins Parley and Mary. Parley Hunt died in Pueblo, January 1st or 2nd, 1847. Mary Hunt later married George David Black.
Hunt, Gilbert (married Lydia A. Gibson in Pueblo).
Huntington, Dimick B.
Wife: Fanny Maria Allen Huntington; children: Lot Elisha, Martha Zina,
Clark Allen, Betsy (born in Pueblo; lived only a short time, died in Pueblo)
Wife: Malinda Allison; child: Malinda Catherine, born in Pueblo.
Wife: Sarah Ann Price Kelley; child: Raymond Parley, Betsy.
Sharp, Norman (died en route to or at Pueblo)
Wife: Martha Jane Sargent; children: Sarah Ellen, born in Pueblo and Martha’s sister, Caroline Sargent.
Shelton, Sebert C.
Wife: Elizabeth Trains Mayfield; children: Emily Caroline, Cooper, Marion J., Abraham C., Thomas B., Mary Elizabeth; by Elizabeth’s first marriage: Andrew J. Mayfield, John Mayfield, and Sarah Mayfield.
MISSISSIPPI COMPANY OF SAINTS
Brigham Young called John Brown, a native of Tennessee, to help organize and lead the Saints living in Monroe County, Mississippi to their new destination in California. In company with William Crosby, D.M. Thomas, William Lay, James Harmon, and George W. Bankhead, he left on April 8, 1846 by way of a southern route to the Platte River and were to meet up with the migrating Saints from Nauvoo. At Independence, Perry County, Missouri the Robert Crow family of twelve members joined the caravan. This group waited for two weeks for the Nauvoo Saints to arrive. When they felt it was futile to continue to wait they moved on the Oregon Trail towards Fort Laramie. Here they were advised to continue on to Fort Bend Colorado. Here they obtained corn, food, and needed supplies. On August 7, 1846 they arrived at Pueblo, Colorado where it was decided that they would wait out the winter.. Absalom P. Dowdle was appointed Presiding Elder of the Latter-day Saint Pueblo branch.
On September 1, 1946, John Brown and his five men returned to Mississippi. On September 12, these men met up with the Mormon Battalion and told the soldiers that a group of Saints were settled in at Pueblo. This gave Lieutenant A. J. Smith food for thought regarding the situation with the many women, children, older folks, unruly soldiers, and sick soldiers that were slowing down the movement of this battalion. The Mississippi Saints were soon joined by the Brown, Nelson, and Higgins Sick Detachments.
This list represents a fairly accurate list of the 14 families in the Mississippi Company of Saints:
Bankhead, George Washington 1819- ; md. to Sarah Swinden Bankhead around 1843
Chesney, James A. (20)
Crosby, William , captain of this company and his Negro slaves: Oscar Crosby and Grief Crosby
Crow, Benjamin Brown (1819 or 1824 - 28 years)
Crow, Elizabeth "Betsy" (1795- 52 years)
Crow, Elizabeth Jane (1830 - 9 years)
Crow, George W [probably George Washington Therlkill].
Crow, Harriett [probably Harriet Ann Therlkill]
Crow, Ira Minda Almarene (1832
Crow, Isa Vinda Exene (1832)
Crow, John McHenry (1824 - 23 years)
Crow, Matilda Jane (1825.)
Crow, Robert (1794 - 53 yrs) counsellor of this company, and wife Brooke [Betsy Brown -52 yrs]
Crow, Walter Hamilton (1824 or 1826 - 21)
Crow, William Parker( 1828 - 19 yrs)
Dowdle, Absalom Porter (1819 - 28 years)
Dowdle, Sarah Ann Holladay (1828 -19)
Dowdle, Sarah Catherine (1846 - infant)
Gibson, George Washington 1800-1871
Gibson, Manomas Lovina 1842-1940; dau of George Washington Gibson and Mary Ann Sparks Gibson; remembers with gratitude the kindness of the trappers Spanish wives who saved her family from starvation at Pueblo; married James Andrus 1836-1914 on 12 Sep 1863 in SLC, in 1857 James married her sister, Laura Arilla Gibson 1837-1905; later she married Lot Huntington 1834-1862 who was at Pueblo at age of 12; she lived in St. George, Utah in 1938
Gibson, Mary Ann Sparks 1802-18
Gibson, Mary Denisia 1823-, married William "Bill" New in Santa Fe, where they remained
Gibson, Lydia A., married Gilbert Hunt in Pueblo, CO.
Gibson, Robert B.
Gibson, Frances Abigail
Gibson, William C.
Gibson, Laura Altha
Gibson, Manomas Lavinia
Harmon, James (46)
Harmon, James Bartley (7)
Harmon, John Taylor (infant)
Harmon, Josephine Smith (2)
Harmon, Paralee America (12)
Harmon, Mary Ann Blanks Smithson, wife of James Harmon
Harmon, Sarah Elizabeth (6)
Holladay, Caron Happuch (17)
Holladay, Catherine Beasley Higgins (49)
Holladay, David Hollis (14)
Holladay, John "Jack" Daniel, Sr., counsellor of this company(49)
Holladay, Keziah Donnell (12)
Holladay, Lenorah McCray (8)
Holladay, Thomas Wiley Middleton (10)
Kartchner, Margaret Jane Casteel (21-22 yrs. ), wife of William Kartchner
Kartchner, Sarah Emma born on August 17, 1846 at Pueblo, being the first white child born in Colorado;
Kartchner, William Decatur (27)
Little, Archibald (Unknown)
Mathews, Benjamin, son of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Elizabeth Adeline Bankhead (Unknown), wife of William Mathews
Mathews, Elvira Narcissa, daughter of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Emma Louise, daughter of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Ezekiel Cunningham, son of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Jane Elizabeth , daughter of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, John Lynn, son of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Mahalia (Unknown)
Mathews, Marie Celeste, daughter of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Martha Roxanna, daughter of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Temperance and Benjamin
Mathews, Nancy Melissa, daughter of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Sally, daughter of Temperance and Benjamin
Mathews, Sarah Jane, daughter of Temperance and Benjamin
Mathews, Sina Adeline, daughter of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, Temperance Weeks (Unknown), wife of Benjamin Mathews.
Mathews, Thomas Marion (Unknown), son of William and Elizabeth
Mathews, William (1796) and his Negro slave, Uncle Phil
Myers, Lewis B. (Unknown)
Reer, Josephine, daughter of Mary Ann
Reer, Mary Ann
Reer, Perrill E. James, son of Mary Ann
Reer, Sally Ann, daughter of Mary Ann
Ritter, Anderson Taylor, son of William and Sally Ann
Ritter, Sally Ann, wife of William
Ritter, William C.
Roberds, Frances Elinore, daughter of John and Martha
Roberds, John (d. 15 Oct 1878)
Roberds, Harriet Luanna, daughter of John and Martha
Roberds, Lodesky Ann, daughter of John and Martha
Roberds, Martha Tucker Walpole (b. 16 May 1817), wife of John (m. 4 Sep 1834 Monroe, Mississippi)
Roberds, Mary Belvidere, daughter of John and Martha
Roberds, Thomas Richard, son of John and Martha
Roberds, William Brown, son of John and Martha
Smithson, Allen Freeman (31)
Smithson, Almira (5), daughter of William
Smithson, Eliza, daughter of William
Smithson, Elvira (ca. 2)
Smithson, James Davis (3), son of Allen
Smithson, John Bartley (6), son of Allen
Smithson, Letitia Holladay (24), wife of Allen Freeman Smithson
Smithson, Lucinda, married to William C. Smithson
Smithson, Martha (8), daughter of William
Smithson, Mary Ann (39)
Smithson, Mary Emma (1), daughter of Allen
Smithson, Sarah Catherine (4), daughter of Allen
Smithson, Sarah Elizabeth (14), daughter of William
Smithson, William Cox (43), wife is Lucinda Smithson
Sparks, George W., married to Lorena
Sparks, Lorena Smithson, wife of George W. Sparks
Sparks, Mary Ann,
Sparks, William Thomas
Therlkill, George Washington (1826 or 1832)
Therlkill, Harriet Ann (1846)
Therlkill, James William (1847)
Therlkill, Matilda Jane Crow (1825 - 22 yrs. )
Therlkill, Milton Howard (1844 - 3 yrs)
Mississippi Saint Diary of William Decatur Kartchner 1820-1892, Reminiscences and Diary from 1878-1884, Pages 27-32.
Heart Throbs of the West, Vol. 8. DUP 1947, Page 412:
"The following is a list of the families which arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley together with Capt. Brown's detachment of the Mormon Battalion, given from memory by John Mayfield Shelton [stepfather's last name], one of the company.
List of the families in the Pueblo Company, which arrived in the Salt Lake Valley July 29, 1847: Mormon Battalion
Captain James Brown, wife and child [Mary McRee Black Brown, George David Black Jr.].
Captain Nelson Higgins, wife and several children.
Captain Hunt's family.
2nd Serg. Sebert C. Shelton, nine in family.
Thomas Williams, wife and child.
Ebenezer Hanks and wife.
Dimick B. Huntington, wife and three children.
Montgomery Button, wife and three children.
Nicholas Kelley, wife and one child.
Norman Sharp's widow and her sister.
James Polly Brown, third wife and three children.
Wm. R. Tubbs and wife, Sophia.
Clark Stillman and wife.
John Steele and wife.
Orson B. Adams and wife, Susan.
John Hirons and wife, Mary Ann.
.......Smith's widow (subsequently Burns).
Dave Wilkins and wife, Isabella.
John Chase and wife."
The soldiers of the battalion who arrived in Pueblo, Colorado in 1846 included: Joshua Abbott, Orson B. Adams, Franklin Allen, James T. Allred, Reuben W. Allred, Jeduthan Averett, Lorenzo Babcock, Samuel Badham, William E. Beckstead, James Bevan, Erastus Bingham Jr. Thomas Bingham Sr., William Bird, Abner Blackburn, Richard Brazier, John Brimhall, Alexander Brown, Daniel Brown, James Brown, James P. Brown, Jesse S. Brown, John Buchannan, Thomas R. Burns, William Burt, Montgomery Button, John M. Bybee, Alva C. Calkins, James W. Calkins, John H. Calvert, James G. Camp, Isaac Carpenter, William H. Carpenter, William W. Casto, James Cazier, John D. Chase, Haden W. Church, Albert Clark, George S. Clark, Allen Compton, George W. Cummings, Josiah Curtis, Edward Dalton, Harry Dalton, James Davis, Ralph Douglas, James Dunn, Francillo Durphee, James C. Earl, Marcus N. Eastman, David I. Frederick, David Garner, Philip Garner, William W. Gifford, Luther W. Glazier, James H. Glines, John C. Gould, Samuel J. Gould, William Gribble, Ebenezer Hanks, James Hendrickson, John W. Hess, Eli B. Hewitt, Alfred Higgins, Nelson Higgins, Azra E. Hinckley, James P. Hirons, Lucas Hoagland, Elijah E. Holden, Charles A. Hopkins, Henry Hoskins, Schuyler Hulet, Gilbert Hunt, Dimick B. Huntington, Charles A. Jackson, Henry B. Jacobs, Jarvis Johnson, Jesse W. Johnstun, Thomas Karren III, Nicholas Kelley, Loren E. Kenney, Barnabas Lake, Lisbon Lamb, Thurston Larson, David S. Laughlin, Elam Luddington, Maxie Maxwell, Erastus D. Mecham, Peter I. Mesick Daniel M. Miller, Harley W. Mowrey, William C. McClelland, Jabez T. Nowlin, James E. Oakley, William A. Park, David M. Perkins, Harmon D. Pierson, Judson A. Pierson, Thomas L. Richardson, Benjamin B. Richmond, Benjamin M. Roberts, Caratat C. Rowe, William Rowe, William W. Rust, Henry W. Sanderson, Abel M. Sargent, John Sessions, Albert Sharp, Sebert C. Shelton, Joseph Shipley, Andrew J. Shupe, James W. Shupe, Joseph Skeen, John G. Smith, Richard D. Smith, William Squires, John Steele, Lyman Stevens, Benjamin F. Stewart, James Stewart, Clark Stillman, Dexter Stillman, Myron Tanner, Joel J. Terrell, Hayward Thomas, Nathan T. Thomas, Solomon Tindell, William Tubbs, Madison J. Welch, Almon Whiting, Edmond W. Whiting, Francis T. Whiney, David Wilkin, Thomas S. Williams, William Wesley Willis, George D. Wilson, Lysander Woodworth, Charles Wright, Isaac N. Wriston, and John P. Wriston.]
The the battalion children who arrived, including: Mary Ann Brown (five years), David Black Brown, John Taylor Brown (one month), Sarah Jane Brown (thirteen years), John Reed Hancock (five years) Nathan Hart, Louisa Button, Almira Higgins Drusilla Higgins (fourteen years), Wealthy Matilda Higgins, (two months), Mary Hunt (two years), Martha Zina Huntington (three years), Parley Kelly, Sarah Mayfield, Jackson Mayfield, John Mayfield, Andrew Duncan Park (two years), Caroline Sargent (eleven years), Sarah Ellen Sharp (eight months), Carolyne Shelton, Mariah Shelton, Elizabeth Margaret Shupe (four months), Mary Steele (six years), Caroline Marian Williams (four years), and Ephraim Thomas Williams (two years).
DESERET NEWS, 27 Aug. 1884 p. 512
BUCHANAN -- At Manti, Utah August 17, 1884, at the residence of her son, Brother John Buchanan, of extreme old age, Sister Nancy Bach Buchanan, born in Mercer County, Ky., Feb 25, 1790 and was consequently 94 years 5 months and 22 days old. She was of German extraction as her maiden name indicates, and was married to John Buchanan 1812 emigrated in 1830 to Illinois, where she first heard the Gospel. She was baptized in the winter of 1835 and in 1837 she joined the Saints in Caldwell Co., Missouri, where she passed through the privations and hardships of the Saints there. In the winter of 1837-38 she was expelled from the state and returned to Quincy, Ill. and from thence to Lima, and that state, where through disease brought on by exposure and hardship endured in Missouri, her husband died in 1839, leaving her with a family of eight children to provide for, In 1844 she was driven by mob violence from Lima to Nauvoo, where she remained until the Spring of 1846, when she, with a large company of Saints took up the line of march to the great west.
At Winter Quarters her son John, her only help, enlisted in the Mormon Battalions and at the expiration of his term he returned to Winter Quarters, made arrangements and started with his mother and the younger children across the plains. They reached Salt Lake Valley in 1853 (1852) and continued their journey to Sanpete Valley the same seasons where they have continued to reside.
We will spend a few moments on his history at this point and indicate that John Buchanan went with the Battalion as far south as Santa Fe, New Mexico and for some reason he was chosen from the rest of the group to be a guard of the Sick Detachment on its way to Pueblo, Colorado. History tells us that when the detachment reached Santa Fe many of the soldiers were ill and the difficulties of travel would become progressively greater with each mile. A decision was made to send those who were sick back to Pueblo, where a small fort existed, and where they would spend the winter. As indicated above, John went along as a guard and helper for this small detachment.
A small Mormon camp at Pueblo consisted really of three groups of Latter-day Saints. One was the group of sick soldiers who had returned from Santa Fe. The second group was made up of women and children who went along with the Battalion from Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas to the Arkansas River where they were instructed to leave the main part of the army and go up the river to Pueblo and to spend the winter there. They were under the direction of Captain Nelson Higgins. As a matter of interest and as a part of history, this was the same Nelson Higgins that was among the first seven men to come down to Richfield, Utah and pioneered that area. He settled in Richfield and later moved to Elsinore where he had a farm. He passed away on his farm just south of Elsinore, Utah.
The third group was made up of a group of converts known as the Mississippi Detachment. Missionaries had gone into Mississippi and Arkansas and had converted a small group of people there, ten or twelve families, and they had decided to emigrate and join the saints in the Rocky Mountains. They started out west and they too wound up in Pueblo for the winter of 1846-47.
As spring approached, the entire camp was anxious to be on the move and eleven men were selected from the group to go ahead and make roads wherever necessary. They cut the Mormon Trail in the vicinity of Laramie, Wyoming. The name of John Buchanan is listed in the history as being among the eleven who were sent to find the way.
We now quote from the history written by Daniel Taylor:
"Monday, May 24, 1847. The sick detachments of the Mormon Battalion and the Mississippi Saints referred to took their departure from Pueblo leaving both pleasant and sad memories behind.
There were approximately 364 people leaving "Mormon Town", as the section of Pueblo occupied by the Latter-day Saints was referred to by the other non-Mormon inhabitants.
The first white child born in Pueblo was to the Kartchner family, not the Kelley family.
The first school, church and cemetery in Pueblo were founded by the Mormons in 1846-1847.
The first marriages and military funerals in Pueblo were held by the Mormons.
The following details of the journey of the company are culled from Daniel Tyler's history of the Mormon Battalion:
On the 26th of May 1847 the company laid in waiting for the provision wagons from Bent's Fort, and the following day Captain Higgins went back to Pueblo for the loose cattle.
On the 29th travel was resumed towards California by way of Fort Laramie. The South Fork of the Platte River was reached on the 3rd of June and the course of travel lay for some distance down the stream.
On the 5th the South Fork of the Platte River was crossed, and owing to the great depth of the water, the wagon boxes had to be raised and blocks of wood put under them to keep the loading dry.
On the afternoon of June 11th, while on Pole Creek, to the great joy of the detachments, they were met by Elder Amasa M. Lyman of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, who was accompanied by Brothers Thomas Woolsey, Roswell Stevens and John H. Tippets, from Winter Quarters, bringing letters from the families and friends of the soldiers, as well as counsel from President Brigham Young; also news of the travels and probable destination of the church.
After the meeting with Brother Amasa M. Lyman and those who accompanied him, the company from Pueblo resumed the journey, and on the 11th of June, while resting during the afternoon, the detachment was addressed by Apostle Lyman who imparted such instructions to them as he had received from President Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve for the Battalion. Among other things Elder Lyman exhorted the soldiers and those who traveled with them to conduct themselves as true Saints and followers of Jesus Christ. At that time it was supposed that the detachment would have to march to California to be discharged.
On the night of June 16th the command camped within one mile of Fort Laramie and about 540 miles west of Council Bluffs, where they had been mustered into service eleven months before. President Brigham Young with his company of pioneers, making their way westward had passed Laramie twelve days previously, and with a view to overtaking them the command made an early start on the morning of June 17th. The road was bad, almost impassable in places, so that travel was necessarily slow and tedious. But they gradually gained on the pioneers and occasionally learned something about them by finding posts set up at the camping places with writing on them showing that the pioneers had passed there. On arriving at the Platte Ferry the command learned that the pioneers were only one day's travel in advance. Finding a blacksmith working at this point, a halt was made for one day in order to get animals shod. Many emigrants on their way to Oregon and California were crossing the ferry and among them many of the old enemies of the Saints, the Missouri mobbers. All the way from this point to where the pioneer trail branched off from the Oregon route, many emigrants were seen making their way to the western coast by the so-called northern route. Nothing of importance seems to occur during the remainder of the journey of the detachment to Salt Lake Valley. The command failed to overtake the pioneers, except eleven men who overtook them at Green River July 4th, 1847. A few days after the pioneers under President Brigham Young had entered the valley. Here on July 29, 1847 they were bid a hearty welcome by the pioneers, some of whom, including President Brigham Young himself met them at the mouth of Emigration Canyon and escorted the detachment to the pioneer camp on City Creek.
At the pioneer encampment in Great Salt Lake Valley the detachment was formally disbanded without having to proceed on to California as expected. (Tyler 201)"
With the Mississippi Detachment were several wives and daughters so they, together with the women and the children of the Battalion group of pioneers, were the first of the pioneer women to enter Salt Lake Valley with the exception of the three women who accompanied the main caravan.
Our grandmother, Mary Ann Brown, was one of the first dozen or so female souls to enter the Salt Lake Valley. She would have been four and one half years old. John was also with this group.
The Pueblo Detachment was under the command of Captain James Brown, (not our James Polly) Brown, but another James Brown who later went up and settled Brown's Hole in the Ogden area. ) [Brown's Hole was on the Green River, south of Rock Springs, Wyoming ] Our Grandfather Brown must not be confused with the original Captain James Brown. This James Brown was in command of Company C and later the Sick Detachment. Our James (Polly) Brown was a guard with the laundresses and the children.
When they arrived in Salt Lake they were discharged from the Army and later they received their pay for the time they had spent thus ended the Mormon Battalion's work as far as the Pueblo Sick Detachment was concerned.
http://home.utah.edu/~joseph/genealogy/AWOBuchanan.html Maybe should make a webpage for him from this reference.
Pueblo Pioneers - William Johnson, Iva Melton, Laura Bell
"One black woman, Alice Rowan, the daughter of two of the Mississippi servants who went to California with their families, became a schoolteacher and taught white children at Riverside. She may very well have been the first black to teach at a white school in the United States."---from Leonard J. Arrington, “Mississippi Mormons,” Ensign, June 1977, page 46.
PAF - Archer files = Captain James Brown + (7) Phebe Abbott > Orson Pratt Brown > Descendants
Part of this roster was compiled by the Clerk of the Camp of Israel (The Mormons in SLC Valley), Thomas Bullock after the Sick Detachment arrived in Salt Lake Valley on July 24- 29, 1847.
Kartchner's Diary can be found in the LDS Church Archives.
Additional information see http://www.orsonprattbrown.com/CJB/05Abigail-Smith-Abbott/joshua-chandler-abbott.html
http://www.signaturebookslibrary.org/EstZion/zionch1.htm by Eugene E. Campbell.
"Trails of the Scattered Saints, 1846-47", The Ensign, July 1997, page 15.
http://www.utahcrossroads.org/newsv8n4.htm Crossroad, Forgotten Pioneers, Part II by Norma Baldwin Rcketts. Fall 1887, Vol. 8, No. 4.
http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~vkbush/elamlud.html Autobiographical Statement of Elam Luddington
Additions, bold, [bracketed], some photos, etc., added by Lucy Brown Archer
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